Introduction to the topic – Boris Samuel, Translated and edited by Cadenza Academic Translations, “Planning in Africa” in Politique africaine Volume 145, Issue 1, January 2017, pages 5 to 26

Since 2000, the fight against poverty along with the Millennium Development Goals (MDG)—replaced by the Sustainable Development Goals (SDG) in 2015—entailed the use of an engineering of planning meant to allow for a return to voluntarism in economic and social affairs, and to break with the macroeconomic rigors of structural adjustment.  After the 1980s and 1990s, which were dedicated to privatization and “discharge,” direct state intervention is once again in fashion. “Inclusion,” one of the new watchwords of international organizations since the Arab Spring of 2011, translates into the establishment of consumption subsidies, job programs for unemployed youth, and social grant schemes for the “poor.” On the economic level, state bureaucracies put their efforts into attracting international investors. To this end, they breathe new life into directorships, agencies, or offices in charge of promoting investment and launching programs in infrastructure, spatial planning, and communications development, with the assistance of international organizations that have put public investment back at the heart of their doctrines.

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